CAT Members

Chair’s message

As Chair of the Condominium Authority Tribunal (CAT), it is my pleasure to welcome you to our new online dispute resolution service.

The CAT is Ontario’s first online tribunal, and has been delegated with the authority to hear and make legally binding and enforceable decisions about condo disputes.

As a service within the Condominium Authority of Ontario (CAO), the CAT offers an inexpensive, accessible, fast and fair process to help condo owners resolve disputes. Our process allows users to negotiate a solution on their own, and if this stage is not successful, we offer mediation to help users resolve the complaint. If a decision is needed, we conduct a fair hearing of the issues, and issue a decision.

Tribunal Members, who conduct Mediations and make Tribunal Decisions, are experts in resolving disputes, and making decisions. The members of the CAT were selected for their experience and expertise in resolving disputes. They bring range of experience in mediation, adjudication, in condominium law and life in condominium communities. 

Condominium disputes are unique. They involve issues related to our homes, so they are personal and complex. We understand these concerns, and hope the CAT can effectively resolve these disputes in a quick and informal way.


Ian Darling
Chair of the Condominium Authority Tribunal (CAT)



Ian Darling

Ian brings a strong background in dispute resolution to this role. A former Ombudsman for Tarion and Fanshawe College, Ian received the Special Contribution Award from the Association of Canadian Colleges and Universities in recognition of his outstanding contributions to Academic Ombudsmanship. He served on the Board of Directors for the Forum of Canadian Ombudsman from 2003 - 2013. Ian holds a Master of Arts in Conflict Resolution from Antioch University.



Michael Clifton

Michael has been a condominium lawyer since 2002, and recently commenced a mediation practice. He is a frequent writer and speaker on condominium issues. Michael has testified as an expert witness in court proceedings on condominium management, and specifically on section 55 of the Condominium Act. He is a past president of the Canadian Condominium Institute (CCI) – Golden Horseshoe Chapter and member of the National Executive Board of CCI. 


1. Deborah Anschell

Deborah has 20 years of litigation experience, both in private practice and as corporate counsel. She has 15 years of experience as a full-time mediator and arbitrator, most recently with ADR Chambers. Deborah is also a Deputy Judge with the Small Claims Court in Toronto. She lived in a condominium for 14 years, and served on her condominium board of directors.

2. Nicole Aylwin

Nicole is the Academic Co-director at the Winkler Institute for Dispute Resolution at Osgoode Hall Law School. She has played an advisory role in setting up the Condominium Authority Tribunal. Nicole is a frequent speaker and writer on issues of access to justice, innovation and legal technology.

3. Marc Bhalla

Marc is designated as a Chartered Mediator by the ADR Institute of Canada, and he is a Vice-President at the Canadian Condominium Institute (CCI) – Toronto and Area Chapter. He is a Mediator and Senior Clerk at Elia Associates, a condominium law firm. Marc has served as president of his condominium board, and he is a frequent writer and speaker on condominium issues.

4. Enza Buffa

Enza has been an adjudicator with Social Justice Tribunals of Ontario (SJTO) since 2004. She has held appointments with the Social Benefits Tribunal and the Landlord and Tenant Board. She is a licensed paralegal and is designated as a Qualified Mediator by the ADR Institute of Canada. Enza has been a volunteer mediator with community justice organizations in Southern Ontario since 2014.

5. Anne Gottlieb

Anne is a lawyer and mediator who is active in the ADR and condominium communities. In addition to her law degree, she has an LL.M. in ADR. She has chaired the ADR Sections in both the Canadian and Ontario Bar Associations, and she is on the Executive of the ADR Institute of Ontario. Anne was on several working groups in the condominium law reform process.

6. Lai-King Hum

Lai is a bilingual lawyer licensed in Ontario and Quebec. She was appointed in late 2016 as a Deputy Small Claims Court Judge. In addition to her litigation and employment law practice, Lai is active in various community organizations. She recently served as National President of the Federation of Asian Canadian Lawyers, and as President of CityPlace Residents Association, which covers 22 condominium buildings over 18 hectares, and over 13,500 residents.

7. Kathryn Kertesz

Kathryn’s most recent position was a full-time mediator and investigator at the Information and Privacy Commissioner (Ontario). Prior to that, from 1999 to 2016, she was a full-time mediator at the Financial Services Commission of Ontario, for automobile accident insurance disputes. Kathryn has an LL.M. in ADR.

8. Patricia McQuaid

Patricia is a lawyer who has served as a tribunal member and vice-chair for 14 years, at the Alcohol and Gaming Commission (AGCO) and then the Licence Appeal Tribunal (LAT). She is currently a part-time Vice-Chair at LAT, and cross-appointed to several other tribunals in the Safety, Licensing Appeals and Standards Tribunals Ontario (SLASTO). Prior to her tribunal career, Pat worked as a mediator and was an insurance lawyer. She has an LL.M. in Civil Litigation and Dispute Resolution.

9. Angelique Palmer

Angelique is an arbitrator, mediator, adjunct professor and lawyer called to the Bar in Illinois. She is also a 2014 American Arbitration Association A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr. Fellow. She has a wide range of dispute resolution and adjudication experience in both the public and private sectors. Angelique is currently applying her adjudication and mediation skills in her position as an Assessment and Hearings Officer at the Ontario Superior Court.

10. Laurie Sanford

Laurie is a lawyer and experienced tribunal adjudicator. She also holds a Master of Business Administration degree, and she held senior management positions in law, business development and marketing in her 20 years in the computer industry. As a part-time Vice-Chair of the Licence Appeal Tribunal (since 2005) and a member of the Animal Care Review Board (since 2014), Laurie conducts numerous settlement conferences and hearings. 

11. Mary Ann Spencer

Mary has been a part-time member of the Licence Appeal Tribunal since 2006, where she conducts settlement conferences and hearings. She previously held operational and corporate executive roles with five Ontario ministries and two agencies, including the Securities Commission and the Ontario Human Rights Commission. Mary has a B.A. and a Master of Business Administration degree.